analogRead()

Reads the value from the specified analog pin. The Z-Uno board contains a 4 channel, 10-bit analog to digital converter. This means that it will map input voltages between 0 and Vcc (about 3 V) into integer values between 0 and 1023. Check Z-Uno pinout analogRead(pin) pin the number of the analog input pin to read from: A0, A1, A2 or A3 int (0 to 1023) (depends on ADC resolution check analogReadResolution() for more details) If the analog input pin is not connected to anything, the value returned by analogRead() will fluctuate based on a number of factors (e.g. the values of the other analog inputs, how close your hand is to the board, etc.).
        void setup() {
  Serial.begin();        //  setup serial
}

void loop() {
  int val;               // variable to store the value read
  val = analogRead(A3);  // read the input pin
  Serial.println(val);   // debug output
}
analogReadResolution()
analogReference()